In recent years, there has been a significant rise in the number of internal armed conflicts and other forms of violent situations leading to mass displacement within or across borders, e.g. in Afghanistan, the Central African Republic, Eritrea, Iraq, Libya, Pakistan, South Sudan and Syria, etc. At the end of 2014, 59.5 million people worldwide had been forcibly displaced, as a result of persecution, conflict and human rights violations1. Although developing countries have been hosting 86% of the millions of displaced persons, an increasing number of people have also tried to find safety in Europe. According to the UNHCR, there have been 1,015,078 arrivals by sea in 20152 – 23% of them children. In reality, these arrivals to Europe only amount to about 1.7% of the total number of displaced persons worldwide in 2014.